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Daily Border Bulletin- U.S. House debates Holder's role in Fast and Furious, Migration to the U.S. fell in 2010, and more

Daily Border Bulletin is up! Today's stories include:

U.S. House debates today Holder’s role in Operation Fast and Furious- The U.S. House of Representatives was expected on Thursday to debate Attorney General Eric Holder’s role in “Operation Fast and Furious” and possibly charge him with contempt for failing to turn over some documents related to a failed probe of gun-running along the U.S.-Mexico border.

Migration to the U.S. fell in 2010 and rose in Mexico, OECD says- Migration to the United States fell by 8% in 2010. It dropped by 3% to European OECD countries – excluding intra-European movements – and rose by more than 10% to Canada, Korea and Mexico, according to the 2012 International Migration Outlook published on June 27, 2012.

Agency recommends changes to DHS to ease backlog on immigration courts- Government officials have adopted a series of recommendations to streamline federal immigration courts, where a record-high number of backlogged cases has brought the “fairness and effectiveness” of the courts into question



Daily Border Bulletin- More Hispanics run for Congressional seats, Hispanics are underrepresented in fed jobs, and more

Today's Daily Border Bulletin is up and includes these stories:

More Hispanic candidates are running for Congress- The 2012 election is shaping up as a big one in the House for Hispanics, when more than ever members of this minority group are running for seats in the U.S. Congress.

Hispanics are underrepresented in federal jobs- Hispanics made up 8.1 percent of the federal workforce, compared with 13.6 percent in the overall workforce, a gap that has been consistent for years, according to data the government released Friday June 22nd.

Surface trade increases in NAFTA region- Surface trade between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, Canada and Mexico, was 8.2 percent higher in April than in April 2011, totaling $79.8 billion, according to a press release of the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation.

Daily Border Bulletin- Arizona's police agencies challenged to enforce SB 1070, El Paso wants more skilled workers, and more

The Daily Border Bulletin is up! Today's stories include:

Arizona's police agencies challenged to enforce SB 1070- The Supreme Court’s decision to upheld section 2 of the SB 1070 law will complicate the job of Arizona’s local police departments, requiring them to check people’s immigration status as part of their regular traffic stops and other activities.

Reports looks at ways to attract and retain talent in El Paso- Manpower, a consultant firm on workfoce solutions, published the report Labor Market Study of the Paso del Norte Region which includes recommendations on how to attract and retain high skilled workers in North America’s largest cross-border metropolis.

Mexican non-oil exports remain flat- Mexican exports slipped in May on a drop in world oil prices but non-oil exports remained steady. “For second straight month, Mexico posts trade deficit,” the news agency Reuters reported.


Supreme Court rules federal preemption on SB 1070, upholds "check papers" leaves section open to further ruling

The United States Supreme Court determined that three sections of the controversial anti-immigrant law in Arizona, SB 1070, are preempted by federal law and therefore were stroke down. However, the court left standing only the "check your papers" part of the law that requires state and local police to check immigration status of people they've stopped or detained if a "reasonable suspicion" exists they are in the country illegally. The Court ruled that immigration status checks do not interfere with the federal immigration scheme since it considers consultation between federal and state officials.

When the hearings on that key provision occurred back in April, federal judges Sonia Sotomayor, Anthony Kennedy, and Samuel Alito appeared troubled by the SB 1070's provision to allow local law enforcement to detain someone until their immigration status was confirmed. Arizona’s lawyer, Paul Clement, responded that a person could be held for “reasonable time” and that immigration check takes an average of 11 minutes. A lower court blocked key parts of the law immigration policy because the Justice Department made the argument that it interfered with the federal government’s authority to set immigration policy. The federal government never presented the argument of racial profiling as immigration activists have denounced, reported the website Politico.

Arizona's Governor Jan Brewer considered the Supreme Court ruling "a victory for the rule of law" on a written statement. In her opinion, SB 1070 supports the rule of law, including other laws against illegal immigration and racial profiling. Brewer noted that "law enforcement will be held accountable should this statute be misused in a fashion that violates an individual’s civil rights."

Other three sections of Arizona´s SB 1070 were stroke down on the argument of federal preemption. Section 3, which required immigrants to register in a state list, was struck down because t is responsibility of the federal government to create a single integrated and all-embracing registration system.

In the same way, section 5 imposes criminal and civil penalties on employers who knowingly hire, recruit, refer, or continue to employ unauthorized workers. The Supreme Court ruled that it is inappropriate to impose criminal penalties on employers or unauthorized employees and that a state law on this matter would be an obstacle to the regulatory system that Congress chose. The Supreme Court also ruled that it is not “a crime for a removable alien to remain in the United States.” Therefore, SB 1070 which considered “warrantless arrests of immigrants” suspected of being removable represents “an obstacle to federal law.” The Supreme Court cited that according to federal law, the Attorney General can issue a warrant for trained federal immigration officers to execute but those officers can only arrest an alien only when the immigrant is “likely to escape before a warrant can be obtained.”

Daily Border Bulletin- Mitt Romney´s proposal does not solve unauthorized immigration, and more stories

The Daily Border Bulletin is up! Stories of today are as follows:

Mitt Romney´s proposal does not solve uauthorized immigration- During his speech Thursday to the annual conference of the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO), the Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney did not in any way distance himself from the “self-deportation” strategy he outlined during the GOP primaries.

Mexico refuses to stop antidumping investigation against U.S. chicken-Mexico’s Ministry of Economy refused to revoke a resolution to investigate antidumping practices on chicken quarters from the U.S., reported CNN Expansion.

Mexican presidential front-runner promises a strategy to reduce violence- Last Wednesday, Congressman James Sensenbrenner accused the Mexican presidential front-runner Enrique Peña Nieto of “turning a blind eye to the cartels” because of his proposal to fight drug-related violence in lieu of drug trafficking.

Daily Border Bulletin- Courting Hispanic voters, Fewer Mexicans would move to the U.S., and more

Your Daily Border Bulletin is up! Stories of today include:

Courting Hispanic voters, 2012 presidential candidates focus on immigration- Immigration is roiling the presidential contest as President Barack Obama and Republican Mitt Romney seek to court the nation’s swelling Hispanic voters, reported the Associated Press. The outcome could influence political battle lines and shape American politics for generations.

A minority of Mexicans would move to the U.S., report says- Most Mexicans (61%) say they would not move to the U.S., even if they had the means and opportunity to do so, according to the Spring 2012 Pew Global Attitudes survey conducted in Mexico.

Mexico ranks four in the issuance investor visas to the U.S.- Treaty Trader visas (E-1) and Treaty Investor visas (E-2) are temporary visas for nationals of a country with which the United States maintains a treaty of friendship, commerce and navigation (which includes Mexico) who wish to go to the United States for one of two purposes: to carry on substantial trade, principally between the United States and the treaty country (E-1); or to develop and direct the operations of an enterprise in which the national has invested or is in the process of investing a substantial amount of capital (E-2).

Daily Border Bulletin- U.S. Chamber endorses an immigration reform, Police departments in Arizona prepare for lawsuits, and more

The Daily Border Bulletin is up! Today´s stories include:

Chamber of Commerce endorses immigration reform- In an op-ed published in the McClatchy-Tribune newspapers, Thomas J. Donohue, president and CEO of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, said that immigrants can strengthen economic growth, job creation, and competitiveness as this country faces a sluggish economic recovery and persistently high unemployment.

Police departments in Arizona prepare for lawsuits on the SB 1070- As the nation awaits the Supreme Court’s decision on  Arizona’s SB 1070 bill, opponents of the 2010 immigration law are preparing to sue police departments on claims that officers racially profile, while supporters are set to sue police agencies for failure to enforce the law, according to Fox News Latino.

Mexican economy grows faster than Brazil´s- After 17 years of macroeconomic stability, low inflation, manageable debt, an open economy and increasing competitiveness, the Mexican gross domestic product increased 3.9 percent in 2011, ahead of Brazil’s growth of 2.7 percent, reported The New York Times on Monday, June 18th.

President Obama urges to pass DREAM Act and an immigration reform

President Obama delivered a speech on Friday, June 15 in which he stood with young immigrants who were brought as undocumented children before turning 16 years old and who would qualify for a pathway to citizenship under the DREAM Act bill if they obtain a college degree or serve in the military.

He said that a recent policy decision to stop deportations of undocumented young people is “the right thing to do” to the country´s economy although he recognized that this is a temporary relief for young people. Obama urged Congress to pass the DREAM Act along with a Comprehensive Immigration Reform to allow farmers and ranchers to have access to a stable workforce, and to allow high skilled immigrants to work in the fields of science and technology.

The President also reminded when the Dream Act was approved in the House but failed to pass in the Senate last time it was voted in December 2010. “The need has not changed, the only thing that changed is politics. It makes no sense to expel talented young people."

Watch his speech on video.

BREAKING NEWS: Deferred action to DREAMers allows'a better enforcement of immigration laws'

The announcement to grant deferred action to allow DREAMers to stay and work in the U.S. for the next two years is “not a permanent solution”, said Assistant to the President and Director of the White House Domestic Policy Council, Cecilia Muñoz.

Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano announced an executive order to grant deferred action to people under the age of 30 who will be relieved from removal from the country or from entering into removal proceedings if they were brought to the U.S. as undocumented children and if they meet several key criteria.

While this new policy was well received among immigration activists, Muñoz remarked that only Congressional action can pass the so-called DREAM Act, which grants a pathway to citizenship for those who were brought illegally to the U.S. under the age of 16 and who have obtained college degrees in the U.S.  or served in the military.

The new policy excludes young people who have been convicted of a felony offense, a significant misdemeanor offense, multiple misdemeanor offenses, or pose a threat to national security or public safety.

John Sandweg, Counselor to the Secretary of Homeland Security highlighted that these announcement allows immigration enforcement agencies to focus their resources on the removal of convicted immigrants and repetitive violators of immigration laws.  “Over past three years, there has been an unprecedented transformation of our immigration enforcement system using common sense to remove people who represent a threat to our national security,” Sandweg said in a conference call on Friday, June 15.

The new policy is in line with a previous DHS memo released last June to encourage broad discretion to immigration enforcement personnel to decide which immigrants should be detained and deported.

Sandweg explained that the three agencies under DHS have received the new order and would give priority to young individuals who meet these criteria and who are currently under removal proceedings. The implementation of the new policy is expected to take place within the next 60 days, announced Sandweg.

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